Zulminarni, or Nani as she is known, graduated from Bogor Agriculture Institute in 1985 and acquired her Master’s degree in Sociology from North Carolina State University, USA in 1993. She is a gender and development specialist, educator and activist with over 30 years of experience in women empowerment, particularly grassroots economic and social empowerment of women.


In 2001, Nani, upon finishing her term as Director of PPSW (The Centre for the Development of Women’s Resources), founded PEKKA (Association for the Empowerment of Women-Headed Families) an organization that supports over 50,000 widows and abandoned, divorced and single women in more than 1,200 villages in 20 provinces in Indonesia. PEKKA assists its members and leaders in fighting against the stigmatization of women without husbands, in engaging more actively in decision-making at various levels, and in gaining access to different means of livelihood as well as to social protection and justice. In 2016, PEKKA started a new initiative called Paradigta Academy to provide structured leadership training to women in Indonesia, benefitting more than 2,000 grassroots women leaders from ten provinces in Indonesia to date. She is also President of ASPBAE (Asia South Pacific Association for Basic and Adult Education) for the period of 2017-2020.